ML 401 – Sources of Islamic knowledge



The first part of the course examines the earliest forms of Qur’anic scholarship including the compilation of the Qur’an and its integrity, the significance of the role of reciters (qurra’). Further, different exegetical schools, classical and moderns, developed by Muslims will be critically examined providing an opportunity for the students to analyse the features of the different exegetical schools in Qur’anic hermeneutics, and to compare and contrast passages from a number of classical tafsir texts. Furthermore, The concept of revelation, wahy, and the theological dispute about the temporality or eternity, hudūth or qidam, of the Qur’an will be discussed and its impact on the interpretation of the Qur’an in terms of contextuality or universality of its teachings will be critically analysed The second part of this course focuses on the study of the formation and the development of Hadīth literature in the first three centuries of Islam both in Sunni and Shi’i traditions. The main compilers and their political and theological tendencies and the impact of all these on their compilations will be discussed and the reasons behind overwhelming acceptance of some of the compilations at the expense of others will be examined. Students examine selected texts from the canonical collection of traditions together with commentaries, which scrutinize traditions from theological, legal and linguistic perspectives. This also includes a critical assessment of the Muslim and Western scholarship in the study of traditions.

Learning, Teaching and Assessment Strategy

Assessment Modes

Formative Assessment:
Formative assessment for this module will consist of written feedback from the lecturer, questioning and discussion through the online forums. One draft of the students’ final essay (coursework) may be handed in to the lecturer at the 12th learning week for formative assessment, in which the lecturer will give the student feedback on how to improve their research and quality of writing.

Summative Assessment:
Students are required to submit 2 out of 5 Review Questions (RQ) and 2 out of 5 Activities (Act) as the weekly assignments for each module during the semester. All of these assignments as well as students’ final essays at the end of the semester will be commented and marked by tutors. Students can see those comments and marks in their drop box which are available in their D2L accounts. Finally, students are required to submit an Individual coursework -final essay (4000 words) on a relevant topic approved in advance by the module tutor.


Assessment Weighting

Activities: 30%
Review Questions & Discussion Group: 10%
Final Essay (Coursework): 60%
Students should get at least a pass mark for all three above components.

Learning materials

Core readings
Abdul-Raof, H. (2010) Schools of Qur’anic Exegesis: Genesis and Development. London: Routledge.
Abdul-Raof, H. (2012) Theological Approaches to Qur’anic Exegesis: A Practical Comparative-Contrastive Analysis. Abingdon: Routledge.
Adel, G.H. and Elmi, M.J. eds. (2012). Qur’anic Commentaries; An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. London: EWI Press.
Adel, G.H. and Elmi, M.J. eds. (2011). Tafsir – Qur’anic Exegesis; An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. London: EWI Press.
Al-Khu’i, A.A. (1998). The Prolegomena to the Qur’an. Translated from Arabic by A. Sachedina. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Al-Suyuti, J. (2011). The Perfect Guide to the Sciences of the Quran. Reading: Garnet Publishing.
Berg, H. (2000). The Development of Exegesis in Early Islam: The Authenticity of Muslim Literature from the Formative Period. London: Curzon Press.
Burton, J. (1977) The Collection of the Qur’an, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burton, J. (2000) Introduction to the tradition, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Jaffer, A. and M. (2009). Quranic Sciences. London: ICAS Press
Kamali, M. H. (2005), A Textbook of Hadith Studies, Leicester: The Islamic Foundation
Ma’rifat, Mohammad Hadi (2014) Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur’an (al-Tamhid fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an). Tehran: SAMT Publications